Under UK/Irish law copyright material sent over the Internet or stored on web servers will generally be protected in the same way as material in other media. Anyone wishing to put copyright material on the Internet, or distribute or download material that others have placed on the Internet, should ensure that they have the permission of the owners of rights in the material unless copyright exceptions or defences apply.  Of course, you do not need to obtain permission if the owner explicitly states that copying is permitted – and many website owners do this.  But be sure that in doing this you are not breaching someone else’s copyright.

Our material is fully copyrighted. Any materials appearing on this site CANNOT be used without explicit and written permission from us.

Permission to re-print articles will usually be given in response to an email request and as long as full accreditation is given as a link directly back to our website will allow the user to publish said material on their website.

Any information or articles sent anonymously to us will be deemed to be the sole copyright of the sender.

We cannot always make full enquiries to acertain that such unsolicited material was actually written by the sender, and has copright holder status, as we receive hundreds of unsolicited articles.

Where notified by original owner of copyright that an infringement has taken place we will always immediately remove said material or provide accreditation (whichever is requested by original copyright holder).

The Internet and Copyright

"The Internet has been characterised as the largest threat to copyright since its inception. The Internet is awash in information, a lot of it with varying degrees of copyright protection. Copyrighted works on the Net include news stories, software, novels, screenplays, graphics, pictures, Usenet messages and even email. In fact, the frightening reality is that almost everything on the Net is protected by copyright law. That can pose problems for the hapless surfer." 

What is protected on the WWW?

    The unique underlying design of a Web page and its contents,  including:

  • links
  • original text
  • graphics
  • audio
  • video
  • html, vrml, other unique markup language sequences
  • List of Web sites compiled by an individual or organisation
  • and all other unique elements that make up the original nature of the material.

When creating a Web page, you CAN

  • Link to other Web sites. [However, some individuals and organizations have specific requirements when you link to their Web material. Check a site carefully to find such restrictions. It is wise to ask permission. You need to cite source, as you are required to do in a research paper, when quoting or paraphrasing material from other sources. [How much you quote is limited.]
  • Use free graphics on your Web page. If the graphics are not advertised as "free" they should not be copied without permission.

When creating a Web page, you CANNOT

  • Put the contents of another person's or organisation's web site on your Web page
  • Copy and paste information together from various Internet sources to create "your own" document. [You CAN quote or paraphrase limited amounts, if you give credit to the original source and the location of the source. This same principle applies to print sources, of course.]
  • Incorporate other people's electronic material, such as e-mail, in your own document, without permission.
  • Forward someone's e-mail to another recipient without permission
  • Change the context of or edit someone else's digital correspondence in a way which changes the meaning
  • Copy and paste others' lists of resources on your own web page
  • Copy and paste logos, icons, and other graphics from other web sites to your web page (unless it is clearly advertised as "freeware." Shareware is not free).  Some organisations are happy to let you use their logos, with permission - it is free advertising.  But they want to know who is using it.  They might not approve of all sites who want to use their logo.

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